Connecting the shape of UX with stories, personas and dialogues.
"Why do we even need web navigation at all? Well, for one, navigation provides access to the content of a site. But more important, it's the way that it provides access that makes navigation necessary. After all, site search also provides access to content. Why not just have site search and be done with the problem of designing and maintaining a complex navigation system?"
This space metaphor gets really to its limits.
"Most users are unable to solve even halfway complicated problems with search. Better to redirect their efforts into more supportive user interfaces when possible."
Structure being narrowed down to traveling through the infosphere as in Apple's HotSauce.
"Regardless of how you organize the content, the larger point is this: giving users a table of contents does much more than simply provide users with a means of navigating the content. The table of contents expresses the hierarchical relationships of your content, and by so doing gives users a sense of your content's overall story and structure. Even if users can't find the answer to their question by navigating the table of contents, they can find other meaning in browsing and perusing the structure of your content."
The spacial metaphor of information environments (a.k.a. architecture) is strong. Even within mobile apps.
"This article is about the tiniest of details that goes into creating the main centerpiece of your digital product - the construction of the elements of your navigation. This is the most important aid you can possibly give to your users as they are constantly seeking a reason to walk out on you."
"The aim is to facilitate ordinary users to formulate semantically unambiguous queries so as to support the fast and precise access to information. Used interaction concepts are e.g. a directory tree and interchangeable columns that are already well-known from other applications. The directory tree, for example, is used to enable the intuitive exploration and selection of hierarchical facets."
"A context menu is a menu that contains commands specific to the object that the cursor is currently pointing at – the 'target object'." (Hagan Rivers ~ two rivers consulting)
"In web design, there are certain common design patterns that are used for interaction. Site navigation has a wide variety of common and familiar design patterns that can be used as a foundation for building effective information architecture for a website. This guide covers popular site navigation design patterns. For each site navigation design pattern, we will discuss its common characteristics, its drawbacks, and when best to use it." (Cameron Chapman ~ Six Revisions)
"Research shows that relevant documents (as judged by a user) tend to be thematically related. That means that if is someone finds a relevant document in a collection, chances are documents with a similar subject are also relevant." (James Kalbach ~ Experiencing information)
"The majority of people visiting a news website don't care about the front page. They might have reached your site from Google while searching for a very specific topic. They might just be wandering around. Or they're visiting your site because they're interested in one specific event that you cover. This is big. It changes the way we should think about news websites." (Stijn Debrouwere) courtesy of petermorville
"Faceted navigation may be the most significant search innovation of the past decade. It features an integrated, incremental search and browse experience that lets users begin with a classic keyword search and then scan a list of results. It also serves up a custom map that provides insights into the content and its organization and offers a variety of useful next steps. In keeping with the principles of progressive disclosure and incremental construction, it lets users formulate the equivalent of a sophisticated Boolean query by taking a series of small, simple steps. Learn how it works, why it has become ubiquitous in e-commerce, and why it’s not for every site." (Peter Morville & Jeffery Callender ~ A List Apart)
"Naview is a navigation preview tool for rapid information architecture prototyping from Volkside. It helps information architects design and visualise a new navigational structure and aims to bridge the gap between card sorting and IA user testing." (Volkside) - courtesy of jholland
"Navigation is the most significant element in web design. Since web-layouts don't have any physical representation a user can stick to, consistent navigation menu is one of the few design elements which provide users with some sense of orientation and guide them through the site. Users should be able to rely on it which is why designers shouldn’t mess around with it." (Smashing Magazine)
"A new browser study revealed a shift in how we interact with the Web. University of Hamburg researchers found the Web moving from static hypertext information to dynamic interactive services. Clickstream heatmaps and web page statistics show rapid interaction over smaller areas of the screen. The authors recommend that web developers create concise, flexible, and fast loading web pages to keep pace with the speed of web navigation." (WebSiteOptimization) - courtesy of guuui
"The primary purpose of web navigation is to help people to move forward. It is not to tell them where they have been, or where they could have gone." (Gerry McGovern)
"I'm in the lucky minority of people that have actually designed successful browsers, or parts of them, for any length of time, and with Firefox and Opera in the headlines, and the art of browser design becomes important again, I thought I'd write down some of what I know. Its been years since I was a program manager on the Internet Explorer project, but I’ve maintained interests in the design of navigation and searching systems of all kinds: what follows is a rough summary of what I've learned." (Scott Berkun) - courtesy of lawrence lee
"Most web development projects put a lot of effort into the design of navigation tools. But fact is that people tend to ignore these tools. They are fixated on getting what they came for and simply click on links or hit the back button to get there." (Henrik Olsen - guuui)
"Data, content and functionality operate in a similar manner in the digital experience. There is a set of data, content, and functionality that exists in a binary form on some hard drive, yet how one interacts with it is through some expression of an interface." (Andrei Herasimchuk - Design by Fire)
"Navigation design isn't just about finding things -- it imbues meaning based on the contexts it provides." (Peter Merholz)
Presentation by Victor Lombardi at the Information Architecture Summit 2004 (Noise Between Stations)
"Recent studies have shown that while the use of breadcrumb trails to navigate a website can be helpful, few users choose to utilize this method of navigation. This study investigates the effects of 'mere exposure' and training on breadcrumb usage. Findings indicate that brief training on the benefits of breadcrumb usage resulted in more efficient search behavior." (Spring S. Hull - SURL 6.1) - courtesy of lucdesk
"What this gives me is some justification, I think, for getting content owners to focus on labelling in order to give links in the body of the page excellent scent, and it allows me to feel more comfortable exploring ways to modify the local navigation and even remove it in some cases. It definitely helps to have this kind of data when exploring UI modifications with your team. I expect to track this data in the coming months to see how changes in the navigation scheme impact use." (Michael Angeles)
"(...) to make electronically delivered documents far easier and more practical and faster to work with, by expanding beyond the "help topics" design paradigm. This site covers information structuring; rapid navigation; and designing Help, Web pages, and documents." (About hypertext navigation) - courtesy of victor lombardi
"Breadcrumb users were found to use the Back button less often than users who did not use the breadcrumb; however, no differences were found in the efficiency measures of total pages visited, navigation bar clicks, embedded link clicks, or time to complete the search tasks." (Bonnie Lida Rogers and Barbara Chaparro - SURL 5.2) - courtesy of webword
"Navigation is only one segment of a Web site's information architecture, but it is the most visible segment to the end user." (Jeffrey Linwood - Builder.com)
"The usability of two Web page layouts was directly compared: one with the main site navigation menu on the left of the page, and one with the main site navigation menu on the right. Sixty-four participants were divided equally into two groups and assigned to either the left- or the right-hand navigation test condition. Using a stopwatch, the time to complete each of five tasks was measured. The hypothesis that the left-hand navigation would perform significantly faster than the right-hand navigation was not supported. Instead, there was no significant difference in completion times between the two test conditions. This research questions the current leading Web design thought that the main navigation menu should be left justified" (James Kalbach and Tim Bosenick - Journal of Digital Information 4.1)
"Navigation is the section of the page that controls what appears in this content area. The beauty of this is that the page content is malleable. The architecture is not, and should represent a strong, extensible foundation that will last at least ten years. It's like building out floors in an office building. You can change the functionality of the floors as needed without changing the structure of the building." (Indi Young - Adaptive Path)
"A short time ago David Danielson posted a handy list of web navigation resources, and then it disappeared from the Internet. He was nice enough to send it to me, and I'm posting my own version with some of his links and some of my own (...)" (Victor Lombardi)
Introduction: Web Navigation - Special Editors: Ben Shneiderman, Jonathan Lazar, Melody Ivory (IT & Society)
"This textual representation of where and how information is located within the website allows the user to link to major categories of information along a continuum of sequential order." (Bonnie Lida, Spring Hull & Katie Pilcher - SURL Usability News 5.1) - courtesy of webword
"The navigation is the common model used to explain how users interact with the Web. The navigation metaphor tries to provide a framework to explain users moving to and through an information space." (Thomas Vander Wal)
"The goal of our study was to determine the effectiveness of the selection list navigation bar, an innovation to the standard navigation bar." (David Bowler et al. - SHORE 2001)
Usability Metrics and User Behavior (David Robert Danielson)
"(...) collaborating with your team on the design of a navigation system can be difficult unless you all share the same vocabulary when talking about the different parts that make up the navigation UI." (Indy Young - Adaptive Path)
"There are a number of reasons for the horizontal navigation becoming practically extinct." (Peter Brusilovsky and Riccardo Rizzo - Journal of Digital Information 3.1)
Navigational Issues in the Design of On-Line Self-Administered Questionnaires: The Effect of Training and Familiarity
"Dual navigation refers to the act of navigating information records to retrieve specific information, while simultaneously navigating through the survey." (K.L. Norman et al. - HCI Lab. University of Maryland)
"The structural navigation bar is becoming a ubiquitous element on many websites. (...) This experiment tests whether this type of navigational reference is truly valuable." (N. Lazar and M. Eisenbrey - SHORE 2000)
"Navigation should mirror, or enhance, the customer interaction that exists offline." (Mary Brodie - Design Interacts) courtesy of iaslash
The Changing Roles of Identity and Navigation Design (Vic Zauderer and Marc Escobosa - WebTechniques)
"(...) we'll look at how you can set up internal links so your visitors can move from page to page with ease." (Andrew Starling - Web Developer's Virtual Library)
"(...) adding navigational aids to search tools will enhance Web usability" (Mazlita Mat-Hassan and Mark Levene - FirstMonday 6.9)
Peter Polson's Presentation from the May 9, 2001 MOCHI Meeting
"Web pages can't be isolated from the rest of the site" (Adam Baker's theory column)
"A Naturalistic Comparison of Children's Navigation Behavior and Subjective Preferences on Two WWW Sites" (Elliot Soloway et al.)
"(...) a group of instructional designers interested in practical application of research to the design of instructional and performance support software" (Elizabeth Boling - Interface Interest and Research Group / Indiana University)
"Design of documents and viewers to support structured hypertext and easy skimming" (Michael Hoffman - Hypertextnavigation)
"Everything in Site Navigation" (The Navigator : Sanjay Bhatgaonkar)
"(...) 99 percent of the interactivity on the Web today is navigation" (Ignition Design)
"Techniques for Navigation and Visualization in Cyberspace" (Peter Gloor et al. - Birkhauser Boston)
"(...) an example of a socially enhanced information space" (Swiki and Formatting Rules)
"(...) a study of human wayfinding in virtual worlds" (Rudolph P. Darken)
"Structured information is information that is analyzed." (Steve J. DeRose 1995)
Design in Infospace (Web Developer's Virtual Library)
(Constance Petersen - Enterprise Development)