Cards, tags and organizing, the Google way.
"The idea is that each card is a single atomic contextual piece of information; essentially, a suggestion, a prompt, a call to action."
(Graham Hunter a.k.a. @MarketerGraham)
Cards and tags, a magic duo. Ask Paul Otlet or Bill Atkinson.
"We are currently witnessing a re-architecture of the web, away from pages and destinations, towards completely personalised experiences built on an aggregation of many individual pieces of content. Content being broken down into individual components and re-aggregated is the result of the rise of mobile technologies, billions of screens of all shapes and sizes, and unprecedented access to data from all kinds of sources through APIs and SDKs. This is driving the web away from many pages of content linked together, towards individual pieces of content aggregated together into one experience."
On one thing we all agree, Jakob Nielsen made the hyperlink blue.
"Hyperlinks are the glue that holds the Web together. Without links, the Web would be a very different place, that's if it would exist at all."
Nano copy design improves holistic UX.
"Linking from your content is important - it builds credibility and improves usability, which combined equals more satisfied readers and hopefully return visits. Finding the right material to link to takes time and effort; effort that is wasted if no one bothers to 'Click here'."
(Mich Walkden ~ Mich-communication)
Hyperlinking used to be called hypertext, hypermedia or hyperspace.
"Linking is the essence of the Web. Web professionals must focus primarily on links, rather than the content or technology."
Should be part of "The Web That Wasn't".
"I was a Hypercard child - though our friendship was brief."
"The Web is large and new, it flourishes, It seems to go from strength to strength, and yet we do not know how strong it really is. We must remember that we still could wreck the web."
(Mark Bernstein a.k.a. @eastgate)
"Nelson's ideas, once dismissed as utopian, have become central facts of modern life. But none of this is enough for him. The computing world we know is but a dim shadow of what might have been." (Mark Bernstein)
"Over a period 30 years hypertext developed and started to mature … until in the early 1990s came the web and so much of hypertext died with its birth … I guess a bit like the way Java all but stiltified programming languages." (Alan Dix) ~ courtesy of markbernstein
"(...) I gave a keynote address at the Hypertext 2010 conference in Toronto where I found a community somewhat under threat by other web research conferences but nevertheless alive and kicking. The organizers had asked me to consider where the field might have gone wrong and where it might go in the future." (Andrew Dillon ~ ACM Hypertext Conference 2010)
"The 1st international congress on Web Studies aims at providing a venue for researchers and professionals from different backgrounds for discussion, study, practical demonstrations, sharing, and exchange on new developments and theories regarding the World Wide Web. The congress therefore invites contributions from a heterogeneous set of fields and domains such as: Web systems, computational intelligence, human-computer interaction, digital theory, Web sociology, and well as interactive and digital arts. We also encourage contributions from businesses and organizations." (1st Int'l Congress on Web Studies) - courtesy of markbernstein
"Pause for a moment and think about the history here. 1993 is 16 years ago as I write this, about the same span of time between Vannevar Bush's groundbreaking 1945 article 'As We May Think' and Nelson's initial work in 1960 on what would become the Xanadu project. As far as software projects go, this one has some serious history." (Micah Dubinko - Micahpedia) - courtesy of markbernstein
"The field of spatial hypertext emerged from early efforts to visualize node-and-link hypertexts in the late 1980s. There were a few different systems by the end of the 1990s and an annual Workshop on Spatial Hypertext began in 2001." (Journal of Digital Information 10.3) - courtesy of mbernstein
"XHTML2, a standard-building project planning a successor to XHTML, has been cancelled." (Mark Bernstein)
"The focus of this paper is on particular and innovative structures for storing, linking and manipulating information: the ZigZag-structures. In the last years, we worked at the formalization of these structures, retaining that the description of the formal aspects can provide a better understanding of them, and can also stimulate new ideas, projects and research. This work presents our contribution for a deeper discussion on ZigZag-structures." (XanaWorkshop 2009)
"What does a hyperlink mean? The question itself is problematical. We might be satisfied with the simpler and related question of what a hyperlink is and what a hyperlink does. But in trying to understand what the larger social effects of hyperlink networks are, it is not enough to be able to define a hyperlink, we need to understand its nature, its use, and its social effects." (Alexander Halavais - in Turow T. and Lokman Tsui (eds.) 2008, The Hyperlinked Society)- courtesy of davidweinberger
High definition video registration - Ted Nelson (the guy who coined the term 'hypertext') gave a 90 mins. speech on the occasion of his 70th birthday. Not on current computing, but based upon his million notes on meaningful connections, such as education, the brothers Grimm, Indo-European languages, the island of Crete, the Greek Gods, Wikipedia as a casino, AIDS, paper imitation 'under glass' and the limitations of the PARC User Interface. (Zepler TV)
"I suspect Wikipedia may be closer to Ted's vision of Xanadu: a self-contained constellation of highly interlinked information, with provisions for identity, versioning, and rights management. But enough about the history of the hyperlink. How can we use them effectively in the here and now? I thoroughly enjoyed Philipp Lenssen's recent link usability tips. I liked it so much, in fact, that I'm using it as a template for a visual compendium of link usability tips-- the art of hyperlinking." (Jeff Atwood - Coding Horror) - courtesy of lodewijkschutte
"This paper uses literature on hypertext theory to evaluate our reading strategies in an online environment. Assessing the impact of digital technology on our educational environment and culture, the paper recommends a new form of pedagogy for hypertexts based on Walter Ong's concept of 'secondary orality'." (Andy White - First Monday 12.1)
"HyperScope is a high-performance thought processor that enables you to navigate, view, and link to documents in sophisticated ways. It's the brainchild of Doug Engelbart, the inventor of hypertext and the mouse, and is the first step towards his larger vision for an Open Hyperdocument System." (Douglas Engelbart et al.) - courtesy of readwriteweb
"Wikis were created in 1994 by Ward Cunningham, so he is considered the pioneer of wikis, and is the author of design patterns. Here are the notes from his talk." (Notes by Alvin Chin - GadgetMan's Blog)
"What will happen to books? Reader, take heart! Publisher, be very, very afraid. Internet search engines will set them free. A manifesto." (Kevin Kelly)
"This page collects visuals from some of the larger talks and lectures I've given over the years. Many of these talks get complex; often, I try to put one set of ideas in the visuals and another in the lecture itself. These notes generally include only the visual argument." (Mark Bernstein)
"(...) a research project at UCLiC in London in cooperation with Doug Engelbart in California. We are aiming to make text more interactive - turning words into hyperwords. Why? Most electronic communication has focused on the production of information, not the digestion of information. In order to make informed decisions in our work, it's not enough to rely on automated systems - we need to get the right information into our heads." (About Liquid Information) - courtesy of nooface
"Keynote speeches from the 10th Anniversary of the World Wide Web. September 30 through October 2, 2004 - Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology - Terre Haute, Indiana, USA" (WWW@10 Conference)
Remarks on the state of hypertext: 1996-1999 - "(...) a series of essays about hypertext in the late '90s. There weren't blogs back then, and HypertextNOW wasn't a precisely a blog, but it's something similar." (Mark Bernstein)
"To manage a huge, worldwide information space, users need proven features like fat links, typed links, integrated search and browsing, overview maps, big-screen designs, and physical hypertext." (Jakob Nielsen - Alertbox)
"Hypertext '91 Conference in San Antonio, Texas (USA). TBL paper on Web only accepted as poster session." (Anniversary Conference)
"Hypermedia applications tend to use simple representations for navigation: most commonly, nodes are organized within an unconstrained graph, and users are presented with embedded links or lists of links. Recently, new data structures have emerged which may serve as alternative models for both the organization, and presentation, of hypertextual nodes and links. In this paper, we consider zzstructures, mSpaces, and polyarchies from the perspective of graph theory, and compare these models formally." - (Michael J. McGuffin and M.C. Schraefel) - courtesy of ui designer
"This essay explores issues that arise in composing a long argumentative hypertext that is connected with a book on the same subject. (...) Although the situation of the hypertext being discussed is somewhat unique, in fact hypertext structure is always under pressure from print habits of reading and writing, especially in scholarly writing, so the issues discussed here are widely relevant." (David Kolb)
Facilitating the Evolution of our Collective IQ: What Universities and Professional Societies Can Do
From Hypertext '04 : Douglas Engelbart keynote presentation slides. - "Human capabilities depend upon their augmentation systems" (Hypertext '04)
"The paper discusses Otlet's concept of the Office of Documentation and, as examples of an approach to actual hypertext systems, several special Offices of Documentation set up in the International Office of Bibliography. In his Traité de Documentation of 1934, one of the first systematic treatises on what today we would call information science, Otlet speculated imaginatively about online communications, text-voice conversion and what is needed in computer work stations, though of course he does not use this terminology." (W. Boyd Rayward - The Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
The Case of Paul Otlet, Pioneer of Information Science, Internationalist, Visionary: Reflections On Biography
"The author takes as his point of departure his studies of Paul Otlet, co-founder of the present International Federation for Information and Documentation (FID) and The Union of International Associations, developer of the Universal Decimal Classification (UDC), theorist of 'Documentation', and pioneer of information science. Drawing on these studies his purpose is to examine aspects of the art and scholarship of biography, of the processes of research and imagination that it involves, especially: recognising an appropriate subject and determining an approach to it, the problem of evidence and the frames of reference within which evidence is deployed, the personal involvement that develops between the subject and the biographer, and biography's final goal of historical and personal understanding." (W. Boyd Rayward - The Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
A Cosmology for a Different Computer Universe: Data Model, Mechanisms, Virtual Machine and Visualization Infrastructure
"The computing world is based on one principal system of conventions -- the simulation of hierarchy and the simulation of paper. The article introduces an entirely different system of conventions for data and computing. zzstructure is a generalized representation for all data and a new set of mechanisms for all computing. The article provides a reference description of zzstructure and what we hope to build on it. (...) Simplicity is not cheap, and simple design is very difficult." (Theodor Holm Nelson - Journal of Digital Information: 5.1)
"This special issue arises out of a panel held during the ACM Hypertext '03 conference at the University of Nottingham. Panellists were invited to sell their vision as 'the next big thing' in hypertext, either to supplement, augment or supplant 'modern day' systems, which, let's face it, is the Web." (Helen Ashman and Adam Moore - Journal of Digital Information 5.1)
"The main thesis of this paper is that it is desirable to make the creation of Web content an integral and natural part of the daily chores of an intellectual worker, integrated with the normal production and management of data and information, making the Web not just a publishing medium but fundamentally a collector and organizer of personal data and documents." (Angelo di Iorio and Fabio Vitali - Journal of Digital Information 5.1)
"After taking a computer course at Harvard in 1960, Ted Nelson began a mystical journey. He started exploring the possibility of liberating text from paper, of developing a means whereby writers could harness text in a manner closer to human cognitive patterns: i.e., the way words flowed through our minds. In 1965 Nelson coined the term hypertext. Ultimately, in his brilliant 1974 book, 'Computer Lib/Dream Machines', he laid down the foundation for a communications theory transcending text. Hypertext became hypermedia. Imagery and sound played roles equal to text. Nelson realized that personal computers with multimedia capabilities must burst the boundaries of artistically rendering internal reflection." (Peter Schmideg)
"Building hypertext systems to provide the required functionality to write hypertexts has always been a goal of hypertext research. The parallel development of hypertext research prototypes and the World Wide Web has resulted in repeated attempts to replace the Web or offer world-wide all-purpose services to augment the Web with 'missing' functionality." (Hartmut Obendorf - Journal of Digital Information)
"The sudden emergence and explosive growth since 1994 of the World Wide Web as a graphics-heavy medium is but the latest of several surges that marked the 'rise of the visual' in the twentieth century. Each of these waves was enabled by new technology and each changed the world' practices before it changed its theories. Photo-offset printing unleashed the first wave of photograph in mass distribution newspapers and illustrated magazines.Then the technology for making moving pictures developed into a world-wide industry. Television opened a main pipe line into the homes of the developed world, and video recorders brought films from the theater into the home as well. A typewriters became computers, sprouting monitors and connected to other computers around the world, the flow of visual information and entertainment reaches into the offices of corporations and bureaucracies around the world." (University of Washington)
"There is something going on called XML. Which some say is HTML done right. I think that is a good description. A wrong thing done to absolute perfection. I have been on the mailing list of the XML linking committee. Which is endeavoring to create some kind of a specification or a standard for hyper documents that will appropriately represent connected structure. My experience is reading convinces me further, as if I had not known already that I want nothing to do with it. What I am doing continues in another direction." (Ted Nelson - Engelbart's Colloquium: The Unfinished Revolution)
"I'm at the Hypertext 03 conference in Nottingham this week, keeping rough notes online." (Matt Web - interconnected) - courtesy of ben hyde
According to Mark Bernstein: "Colour is inappropriate for links as it conflates emphasis and linking, while blue is a particularly bad choice as it is the hardest colour to read, making the link content less obvious (...)" (Ann Light - Usability News)
"Hypertext as mediated by the Web browser has not proved to embody the qualities of the ideal post-structural text longed for by literary theorists such as George Landow; neither has the World Wide Web fulfilled the document-association function of the memex, the hypothetical research tool Vannevar Bush described in his 1945 essay, As We May Think." (dichtung-digital - Dennis G. Jerz) - courtesu of webword
"Hyperfiction is a narrative form that makes use of the characteristics of the Internet to tell a story." (Carolien van den Bos) - courtesy of hypertextkitchen
"(..) a non-profit project development, training, and research organization dedicated to assisting people in using digital media to tell meaningful stories from their lives." (About CDS)
"This paper explores the semantic and rhetorical principles underlying link development and proposes a systematic, comprehensive classification of link types that would be of use to researchers and Web production teams." (Claire Harrison - FirstMonday 7.10)
"The Bernies award is an encouragement to engineers and scientists to produce hypertexts." (Mark Bernstein)
Unexpected ramifications of deep linking (NUblog)
"The Weblog Kitchen explores current research in weblogs, wikis, and other hypertext systems." (Mark Bernstein)
"This article presaged the idea of the Internet and the World Wide Web and was directly influential on the fathers of the hypertext and the Internet as we know it today." (Erin Malone - Boxes and Arrows)
"(...) I tend to think of my days designing for print as living in Flatland." (Meg Cole - Boxes and Arrows)
This paper (...) won the SIGWEB Ted Nelson Newcomer Award. (Adrian Miles - JODI 2.3)
"This paper explores the idea of dynamically adding multi-destination links to Web pages, based on the context of the pages and users, as a way of assisting Web users in their information finding and navigation activities." (Samhaa R. El-Beltagy et al. - JODI 2.3)
"The Internet is steadfastly becoming a highly popular medium for the distribution and communication of ideas and knowledge." (Johan Bollen - VU Brussel BE)
"This paper applies the linguistic theory of relevance to the study of the way links work, insisting on the lyrical quality of the link-interpreting activity" (Susana Tosca - JoDI 1.6)
"(...) exotic tools for hypertext narrative" (Mark Bernstein)
"(...) a list of links to all the articles and pages in the hypertext book" (John Suler, Ph.D.)
"(...) the evaluation of hypertext from the perspective of text comprehension" (Peter W. Foltz - Dept. of Psychology -New Mexico State University)
Brian R. Gaines and Mildred L. G. Shaw 1995 (More from Knowledge Science Institute - University of Calgary)